Welcome to an open seminar on cognition, movement and technology by Professor Thomas Schack from "Neurocognition and Action - Biomechanics" Research Group and CITEC "Cognitive Interaction Technology" and International Society of Sportpsychology (ISSP) at Bielefeld University.
Time: October 22nd, 15.30-16.30
Place: IKDC, LTH, Sölvegatan 26 in Lund
Free to attend. Notify us if you wish to participate by e-mailing Ulrika.firstname.lastname@example.org before Oct 18.
Building blocks of performance in memory, brain and technology
This presentation examines, in a first step, the cognitive architecture of human action, showing how it is organized over several levels and how it is built up. Basic Action Concepts (BACs) are identified as major building blocks on a representation level. These BACs are cognitive tools for mastering the functional demands of movement tasks. Results from different lines of research showed that not only the structure formation of mental representations in long-term memory but also chunk formation in working memory are built up on BACs and relate systematically to movement structures. It is concluded that such movement representations might provide the basis for action control in skilled voluntary movements in the form of cognitive reference structures.
To simulate action control and human performance, in a second step, I will discuss challenges and issues that arise when we try to replicate complex movement abilities in the context of technical systems. Interestingly human motor performance, rooted in the profoundness of biological evolution, has matured to a point where it can profit from technical systems. The research results on mental motor representation can not only help to understand the cognitive background of motor performance, they also provide a basis for building artificial cognitive systems that can interact with humans in an intuitive way and acquire new skills by learning from the user.
In this context, it is clearly advantageous for a real or virtual coach to know how mental representation structures are formed, stabilized and adapted in daily actions. This knowledge enables a coach or technical system (such as intelligent glasses, or intelligent virtual coaches) to address individual users or trainees concerning their current level of learning and performance, and to shape instructions to optimize learning processes and maximize performance.